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机械车库与传统的天然地下车库比较阐明书
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  • 阐明书在对国内外车库现状及开展趋势做了充沛调研的基础上,以较为典型的升降横移式立体车库为研讨目标,挑选三层三列式车库结构作为研讨模型。归纳考虑立体车库制作本钱和运转安全的两层要素。
    简略介绍了车库的主体结构和特色,对车库的控制体系也作了简略的阐明,根据升降横移式立体车库的运转原理,运用机械规划相关常识进行了一系列传动计划的规划,包含提高体系的传动规划,横移体系的传动规划,还运用力学理论对升降横移式立体车库的结构进行了力学剖析,包含升降横移式立体车库的结构结构的强度、横移传动体系中轴的强度和升降传动体系中轴的强度等。为了使泊车设备满意运用要求,根据国家关于机械式泊车设备通用安全要求的规范、升降横移式立体车库的实践,在升降横移式立体车库中运用了一些必要的安全技能,这样确保了车辆的肯定安全,使得整个车库能够安全平稳的运转。

    关键词:立体泊车库;升降横移式立体车库;钢结构;安全办法












    Abstract

    In the domestic and international current situation and trend of development for garage. Based on sufficient investigation, to choose a more typical of up-down and translation stereo garage as the research object, to choose the three layer three row type garage structure as research model. Considering the three-dimensional garage manufacturing cost and operation safety of the double factors.
    Briefly introduces the main structure and characteristics of the garage, the garage control system are briefly described, based on the up-down and translation stereo garage operation principle, use of mechanical design knowledge are a series of transmission scheme design, including the upgrading of the transmission system design, shifting the transmission system design, also according to the theory of mechanics up-down and translation stereo garage structure mechanical analysis is carried out, including up-down and translation stereo garage frame structure strength, shifting transmission system axial strength and axial strength of lifting transmission system. In order to make parking equipment to meet the use requirements, according to the country about mechanical parking equipment General requirements for safety standards, up-down and translation stereo garage is actual, in the up-down and translation stereo garage to use some safety technique, so as to ensure the absolute safety of the vehicle, the garage can be safe and steady operation.

    Keywords: stereo parking garage; up-down and translation stereo garage; steel structure; safety measures







    目 录
    摘 要 I
    Abstract II
    第1章 绪 论 1
    1.1 课题来历与布景 1
    1.2 机械式立体泊车库开展概略 1
    1.3 立体泊车库分类及长处 3
    1.4 研讨升降横移式立体泊车库的含义 6
    1.5 升降横移式车库的作业原理 7
    1.6 升降横移式库机械部分部件结构和功用 8
    第2章 计划总体规划 10
    2.1 计划总体规划 10
    2.2 传动计划的规划 10
    2.3 传动计划的挑选 12
    第3章 主结构部分 14
    3.1 钢结构方式的挑选 14
    3.2 钢结构部分资料的挑选 14
    第4章 升降传动体系规划 16
    4.1 升降电动机的挑选 16
    4.2 升降链传动的规划 18
    4.3 升降轴的规划 20
    4.4 联轴器及键的挑选 22
    4.5 轴承的挑选 23
    4.6 钢丝绳和滑轮的选用 24
    4.7 卷筒的规划 24
    4.8 升降轴的强度校核 25
    第5章 横移传动体系规划 28
    5.1 横移电动机的挑选 28
    5.2 横移链传动的规划 29
    5.3 横移传动轴A的规划 32
    5.4 联轴器及键的挑选 34
    5.5 轴承的挑选与核算 35
    5.6 横移车轮与导轨的挑选 36
    第6章 安全防护办法 38
    6.1 防掉落设备规划 38
    6.2 其他防护办法 39
    第7章 车库的控制体系 40
    结 论 42
    致 谢 43
    参考文献 44

























    CONTENTS

    Abstract I
    Chapter 1 Introduction 1
    1.1 Topic origin and background 1
    1.2 Mechanical parking development 1
    1.3 Parking classification and advantages 3
    1.4 Studies of up-down and translation stereo garage meaning 6
    1.5 Lifting cross-sliding type garage principle of work 7
    1.6 Lifting cross-sliding type garage mechanical parts structure and function 8
    Chapter 2 The whole scheme design 10
    2.1 The general design of the schemes 10
    2.2 Transmission scheme design 10
    2.3 The choice of transmission 12
    Chapter 3 Steel structure material selection 14
    3.1 Steel structure form selection 14
    3.2 Steel structure material selection 14
    Chapter 4 Lifting transmission system design 16
    4.1 Lifting motor selection 16
    4.2 Lifting chain transmission design 18
    4.3 Lift shaft design 20
    4.4 Coupling and key selection 22
    4.5 Bearing selection 23
    4.6 Wire rope and pulley selection 24
    4.7 Reel design 24
    4.8 Lift shaft strength analysis 25
    Chapter 5 Transverse transmission system design 28
    5.1 Traverse motor selection 28
    5.2 Traverse chain transmission design 29
    5.3 Transverse shaft A design 32
    5.4 Coupling and key selection 34
    5.5 Bearing selection and calculation 35
    5.6 Traverse wheel and track selection 36
    Chapter 6 Security protection measures 38
    6.1 Anti-dropping device design 38
    6.2 Other protective measures 39
    Chapter 7 Control system 40
    Conclusions 42
    Thanks 43
    Reference 44





    第1章 绪 论
    1.1 课题来历与布景
    近几年来,跟着轿车工业和修建业两大支柱产业的快速开展,在一些大、中城市相继呈现了泊车难和乱泊车的现象。在处理城市泊车难的问题中,欧美国家和亚洲国家采纳的办法有所不同。但立体化泊车是各个国家都活跃采纳的办法,尤其是全自动化的机械式立体泊车库,在许多国家和地区都得到了快速的开展。
    机械车库与传统的天然地下车库比较,在许多方面都显示出优越性。首要,机械车库具有杰出的节地优势。机械式立体泊车设备以其共同的长处,引起了各界的注重,得到了广泛的使用。机械式立体泊车库可充沛利用空间,在有限场地上,最大极限停放车辆,是改进城市交通,缓解城市泊车难的新途径。
    就当时社会关于立体泊车库的需求,本文介绍了各种型式立体泊车库的特色,选出了一种能广泛满意社会需求的机械式立体泊车库,升降横移式立体泊车库作为研讨目标,它也是比较典型的机电一体化产品。一些大城市已运用其完成许多泊车问题。该车库根据升降横移类机械式泊车设备运转原理,选用钢架结构建立而成。...
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